Dr Uğur Güngör; H.E. Mr El-Ghassim Wane; Mr Amr Aljowaily; H.E. Mr Jean-Pierre Lacroix; Dr Cedric de Coning; Dr Benyamin Poghosyan.
The third conversation focused on the evolving partnerships between the UN and regional organizations, and what the implications of the UN reviews can mean for future missions, both those of the UN and regional organizations. Participants noted that the relevance of Chapter 8 of the UN Charter, welcoming regional solutions to conflicts, has by no means faded. On the contrary, many of today’s conflicts benefit from a proactive regional approach. It was suggested that as the UN cannot handle all conflicts on its own, by supporting as well as being supported by regional efforts, local capacity can be strengthened, as and when required, and UN missions can be strengthened by regional capacities, when the situation so calls for. In order to fully realize synergies and benefit from the comparative advantages of the UN and regional organizations, it was proposed that these partnerships needed to be more predictable, formalized and institutionalized, while yet maintaining a degree of flexibility to respond to the particular needs of each situation. Clearly defined roles and burden-sharing were seen to reduce the risk of disagreements and any barriers to fruitful cooperation. The potential benefits and possible negative or unintended consequences of working with regional and sub-regional organizations were discussed. Issues that were raised included the need to develop more substantive cooperation with a broader base of regional organizations. The benefits of examining experiences across regional organizations, and in particular, the 'trilateral' cooperation between the AU, EU and UN, were noted. The implications of recent external and internal challenges for, or competing requirements on, regional organizations were assessed. It was agreed that the varied situations of different regional organizations, in turn, could impede formalizing their relationships with the UN in identical ways.
Mr Amr Aljowaily, Deputy Assistant Foreign Minister for UN Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Egypt
Dr Cedric de Coning, Senior Fellow, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, Senior Fellow, African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes, South Africa (background paper)
H.E. Mr El-Ghassim Wane, Assistant Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, UN
H.E. Mr Jean-Pierre Lacroix, Director-General, Directorate for UN and International Development, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, France
Dr Uğur Güngör, Center for Strategic Research, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Turkey
Dr Benyamin Poghosyan, Deputy Director, Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defence Research University, Armenia