ANNUAL FORUM, FEBRUARY 2012, SHARM EL-SHEIK
Peace Operations Beyond the Horizon: Enabling Contributing Countries for the Future

The Challenges Annual Forum 2011 was held in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt on 16-17 February 2012 and was hosted by Cairo Regional Center for Training on Conflict Resolution and Peacekeeping in Africa in cooperation with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Egypt on the theme "Peace Operations Beyond the Horizon: Enabling Contributing Countries for the Future".

GroupPhoto_AnnualForum2011

Some 90 participants representing the Challenges Forum Partner Organizations, regional organizations such as the League of Arab States and the African Union, and the United Nations attended this year's Forum.

The theme for the Challenges Annual Forum in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt was Peace Operations Beyond the Horizon – Enabling Contributing Countries for the Future.

The Forum sessions focused on the following topics:

•Developments in Africa 2011: What will be Required from the
  Peacekeeping Contributing Countries and Peace Building Actors?
•Enabling Leadership through Effective Participation in Decision Making-
  What are the Next Steps?
•Enabling Military Contributions
•Enabling Civilian Contributions
•Enabling Police and Corrections Contributions

Chair: HE Ms Soad Shalaby, Director, Cairo Regional Center for Training on Conflict Resolution and Peacekeeping in Africa, Egypt

Speakers: Presentation by HE Mr Mohamed Kamel Amr, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Egypt delivered by HE Mr Ahmed Fathallah, First Under-Secretary, Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Egypt
Presentation by United Nations Under-Secretary General Mr Hervé Ladsous delivered by Gen. Babacar Gaye, Military Advisor, Department of Peacekeeping Operations, United Nations
HE Mr Ramtane Lamamra, Commissioner for Peace and Security, African Union
HE Mr Norihiro Okuda, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Egypt, Japan
Mr Johan Frisell, Director, Security Policy Department, Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Sweden
Ms Annika Hilding Norberg, International Coordinator, Challenges Forum, Folke Bernadotte Academy, Sweden

Mr Frisell, Gen Gay, Amb Fatallah, Mr Okuda, Amb Lamamra, Amb Shalaby, Ms Hilding Norberg Welcoming Session Annual Forum 2011

Chair: Mr Amr El Sherbini, Director, United Nations Division, Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Egypt

Speakers: Presentation by United Nations Under-Secretary General Mr Hervé Ladsous delivered by Ms Izumi Nakamitsu, Director, Division for Policy, Evaluation and Training, United Nations

Mr Kenichi Kobayashi, Director, United Nations Policy Division, Japan

Session1_AnnualForum2011

 

 

 

Session2_AnnualForum2011

Chair: Ms Aracelly Santana, Former Deputy SRSG UNMIN / Senior Advisor, Challenges Forum, United Nations

Speakers: HE Mr Ramtane Lamamra, Commissioner for Peace and Security, African Union
Gen. Babacar Gaye, Military Advisor, Department of Peacekeeping Operations, United Nations
Mr Ihab Awad Moustafa, Senior Officer, Peacebuilding Commission Support Branch, Peace Building Support Office, United Nations
Dr Yasser Sabra, Challenges Forum Research Adviser, Former Head of Office of the United Nations SRSG in Cyprus

Sabra_AnnualForum2011Background Paper:
Dr Yasser Sabra, Challenges Forum Research Adviser, Former Head of Office of the United Nations SRSG in Cyprus: "Challenges Facing UN Peace Operations in Africa: The Cases of South Sudan and Libya"  

Background Paper:
Dr Almut Wieland-Karimi, Director, and Dr Tobias von Gienanth, Senior Researcher, Analysis Division, Center for International Peace Operations (ZIF), Germany:  "Enabling United Nations and Regional Organizations Partnerships in Africa - Priorities for the Future"

Chair: Ms Izumi Nakamitsu, Director, Division for Policy, Evaluation and Training, United Nations

Working Group I: Enabling Leadership through Effective Participation in Decision Making – What are the Next Steps?
Focus: Recognising recent progress in enhancing consultations between actors taking decisions on peace operations with those that contribute with human resources, the session sought to identify the next steps that need to be taken in order to make the necessary progress to develop an integrated and effective leadership for peace operations, involving all key actors.

Desired Result and Outcome: A better understanding of what should be done in order for the international community to develop a true unity of purpose, effort, operations and achievements.

Rowland_AnnualForum2011Chair: Dr Matthew Rowland, Head, Peacekeeping Team, Conflict Group, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, United Kingdom

Presenters: Mr Amr El Sherbini, Director, United Nations Division, Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Egypt, Non-Aligned Movement
Maj. Gen. (Retd.) Robert Gordon, Former Force Commander, UNMEE, Senior Advisor, Challenges Forum, United Kingdom
Dr Alexandra Novosseloff, Senior Advisor, Ministry of Defence, France

Challenges Considerations Study, A Review of its implementation and its Impact for Mission Leadership by Maj. Gen. (retd.) Robert Gordon Senior Adviser Challenges Forum

Working Group II: Enabling Military Contributions
Focus: The session explored and discussed practical ways forward that can contribute to the enhancement and effectiveness of the military dimension of
peace operations, including addressing the requirements for effective finance, mobility assets and logistic support.

Desired Result and Outcome: A better understanding of the key complexities that need to be addressed and an identification of practical steps that can be taken to enhance the military dimension of peace operations.

Chair: Brig. Gen. Dennis Gyllensporre, Director Future Planning, Armed Forces / Sweden

Presenters: Dr Alaa Abdal Aziz, Head of Programmes Unit, Cairo Regional Center for Training on Conflict Resolution and Peacekeeping in Africa / Egypt
Prof William Flavin, Head, Doctrine and Concepts, Unites States Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute / United States
Maj. Gen. Amir Yehia Eldamhougy, Ministry of Defense / Egypt

Background Paper:
Enabling Military Contribution by Mr Jake Sherman Center on International Cooperation
and Dr Alaa Abdal Aziz,Cairo Regional Center for Training on Conflict Resolution and Peacekeeping in Africa / Egypt

Results of Working Group II, presented by Chair: Brig. Gen. Dennis Gyllensporre


Working Group III: Enabling Civilian Contributions

Focus: The session focused on assessing the status of the civilian capacity review and its implementation – what has been achieved and what is the optimal way ahead? What needs to be done, how, by whom and when?

Desired Result and Outcome: A better understanding of the current issues and requirements that need to be addressed in order to enhance the civilian contribution from the South as well as the North to multidimensional peace operations.

Chair: Dr Jim Rolfe, Acting Director, Australian Civil-Military Centre  /Australia
Speakers: Dr Istifanus Zabadi, Dean, African Centre for Strategic Research and
Studies, National Defence College / Nigeria
Ms Wibke Hansen, Acting Deputy Director, Centre of International Peace Operations / Germany
Mr Ihab Awad Moustafa, Senior Officer, Peacebuilding Commission Support Branch,
Peace Building Support Office / United Nations
Capt. (Retd.) Johan Potgeiter, Acting Head, Training for Peace Programme, Institute for Security Studies / South Africa 

Working Group IV: Enabling Police and Corrections Contributions

Focus: The session sought to explore ways in which to build on developments in the police and corrections dimension of peace operations, to high-light current bottle-necks and identify ways in which to move forward in the most inclusive and effective way.

Desired Result and Outcome: A better understanding of the current challenges, and what implementation of already launched initiatives is still required, as well as what additional steps need to taken to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of the police and corrections contribution to peace operations.

Chair: Dr Ann Livingstone, Vice President, Pearson Peacekeeping Centre / Canada
Speakers: Mr Mohammad Azim Arshad, Team Leader, Standing Police Capacity, Police Division, Department of Peacekeeping Operations / United Nations, and Deputy Inspector General of Police / Pakistan
Ms Lisa Löfquist, Policy Officer, Peace Support Operations Unit, National Bureau of Investigation / Sweden and Ms Agneta Johnson, Project Manager EU and UN Affairs, National Prison and Probation Service / Sweden
Mr Robert Leggat, Head of Corrections, UNMISS / United Nations           

Background Paper:
Enabling Police and Corrections Contributions by Dr Ann Livingstone, Vice

Shalaby_AnnualForum2011Chair: HE Ms Soad Shalaby, Director, Cairo Regional Center for Training on Conflict Resolution and Peacekeeping in Africa, Egypt

Concluding Remarks: HE Mr Ahmed Fathallah, First Under-Secretary, Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Egypt

Concluding Remarks and Looking to the Future: Ms Annika Hilding Norberg, International Coordinator, Challenges Forum, Folke Bernadotte Academy, Sweden

Invitation to the Annual Challenges Forum 2012 in Geneva: Dr Thierry Tardy, Head of Research, Geneva Centre for Security Policy, Switzerland