ANNUAL FORUM, MAY 2012, GENEVA
Cooperation and Coordination in Peace Operations: United Nations and Regional Perspectives

Geneva Centre for Security Policy in cooperation with the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs and the Federal Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sport of Switzerland hosted the Challenges Annual Forum 2012 in May in Geneva, Switzerland on the theme "Cooperation and Coordination in Peace Operations: United Nations and Regional Perspectives".

Plenary in Geneva_Annual Forum 2012

The conference addressed the broad theme of cooperation and coordination in the field of multidimensional peace operations. Through a series of Panel sessions and Working groups, the Challenges Forum looked at different challenges posed to the broad range of actors of peace operations (United Nations, regional organizations, non-governmental organizations, local actors) in interacting among each other so as to improve the overall efficiency and effectiveness of their action.
The main objective was to take stock of recent developments at both the policy and field levels on the topics of inter-institutional and internal coordination and cooperation, as well as to identify required and preferable policy responses. Discussions drew on various experiences from different organizations and operations, with the objective to exchange lessons learned among all actors involved and with the view to develop a forward looking number of options for future action and implementation.

Photographer: Patrice Moullet

OpeningSession_AnnualForum2012Speakers: HE Mr Fred Tanner, Director, Geneva Centre for Security Policy, Switzerland
HE Mr Claude Wild, Head, Human Security Division, Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, Switzerland
Brig. Gen. Erwin Dahinden, Head, International Relations, Federal Department of Defence, Civil protection and Sport, Switzerland
Mr Jonas Alberoth, Acting Director-General, Folke Bernadotte Academy, Sweden
Ms Annika Hilding Norberg, Director, Challenges Forum, Folke Bernadotte Academy, Sweden

 

Gleason_Gowan_AnnualForum2012Speakers: Mr Richard Gowan, Associate Director, Managing Global Order, Center on International Cooperations, New York University
Ms Megan Gleason, Senior Program Officer, Center on International Cooperation, New York University
Introduced by Dr Thierry Tardy, Head of Research, Geneva Centre for Security Policy, Switzerland


 

Lauber_AnnualForum2012Focus: What is the state of partnerships between the United Nations and regional organizations in the field of multidimensional peace operations? What are the main achievements and challenges?

Desired Result and Outcomes:  To get an overview of United Nations and regional organizations’ perspectives on their interaction in peace operations, what they expect from the partnerships in the years to come, and where they see areas of friction and possible improvements.

Background Paper: Mr Richard Gowan, Associate Director, Managing Global Order, Center on International Cooperations, New York University "The United Nations, Regional Organizations and a New Generation of Challenges"

Chair: HE Mr Jürg Lauber, Head, United Nations and International Organizations Division, Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, Switzerland

Hitti_AnnualForum2012Speakers:  Mr Dmitry Titov, Assistant Secretary-General for Rule of Law and Security Institutions, Department of Peacekeeping Operations, United Nations
Mr Sivuyile Bam, Head, Peace Support Operations Division, Department of Peace and Security, African Union
Dr Jamie Shea, Deputy Assistant Secretary-General for Emerging Security Challenges, North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Brig. Gen. Walter Huhn, Senior Military Adviser, Crisis Management and Planning Directorate, European External Action Service, European Union
HE Mr Nassif Hitti, Head, Arab League Mission in France and Permanent Representative to UNESCO, League of Arab States

Discussant: Mr Richard Gowan, Associate Director, Managing Global Order, Center on International Cooperations, New York University

Doss_AnnualForum2012Focus: How do humanitarian, development and other international and non- governmental institutions see multidimensional peace operations and their role in protecting civilians? What are the non-military ways to protect civilians and how can they be articulated with the peacekeepers’ activities?

 

Desired Result and Outcomes: To bridge the gap between a political-security oriented approach to peace operations and a more operational human security-centred approach. To offer a platform for dialogue between Geneva-based institutions and the Challenges Forum Partners on the issue of civil-military relations in peace operations and how they can be best articulated in the areas of civilian protection. To come up with policy recommendations on how to improve civil-military relations in protecting civilians, in relation to the implementation of the integrated missions concept.

Background Paper: Mr Alan Doss, Senior Political Adviser, Kofi Annan Foundation and Former Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General in the DRC "Peace Operations and Humanitarian Space: How Can the Military and Civilians Cooperate in Protecting Civilians?"

Chair: Mr Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, Director-General, United Nations Office at Geneva

Awad_AnnualForum2012Speakers:  Mr Rudolph Müller, Chief, Emergency Services Branch, Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, United Nations
Ms Christine Beerli, Vice-President, International Committee of the Red Cross
Mr Amin Awad, Director, Division of Emergency, Security and Supply, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Col. Victor Manuel Nunez, Head, Planning Department for Peacekeeping Operations, Argentine Armed Forces and Former Chief of Military CIMCOORD Office, MINUSTAH

Discussant: Mr Alan Doss, Senior Political Adviser, Kofi Annan Foundation and Former Special Representative of United Nations Secretary-General in the DRC


 

Kemp_AnnualForum2012Focus: How does coordination take place between peacekeepers/peacebuilders and local actors in the area of the fight against organized crime? How compatible are the agendas/priorities of external and local actors?

Desired Result and Outcomes: To unpack the political as well as technical challenges that external and local actors face in coordinating their action in the fight against organized crime, so as to identify ways to improve it. To come up with policy recommendations, both from external and local actors, on how to improve their partnership in fighting organized crime and establishing a functioning rule of law system.

Background Paper: Dr Walter Kemp, Director for Europe and Asia, International Peace Institute (IPI) "Peace Operations and the Rule of Law: Recommendations for dealing with Transnational Organized Crime"

Chair: Mr Dmitry Titov, Assistant Secretary-General for Rule of Law and Security Institutions, Department of Peacekeeping Operations, United Nations

Chawla_AnnualForum2012Speakers: Mr Henrik Stiernblad, Head of Operations, Malmö Police District, Sweden and Former Police Commissioner, United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL)
Dr Sandeep Chawla, Director, Division for Policy Analysis and Public Affairs, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Mr Moire Lengor, Director Crime Services, Sierra Leone
Dr Aloys Tegera, Director of Research, Pole Institute, Democratic Republic of Congo

Discussant: Dr Walter Kemp, Director for Europe and Asia, International Peace Institute (IPI), Austria

 


 

Holt_AnnualForum2012Focus: How do the Security Council, the Secretariat, TCCs, PCCs and CCCs cooperate in planning and running peace operations, and in addressing the capabilities shortfalls? What are the main achievements and limitations of the process launched by the ‘New Horizon’ in this respect?

Desired Result and Outcomes: To take stock of the recent work of the United Nations in the field of military, police and civilian capabilities (Civilian Capacity Review, “Capabilities-driven” approach), and to explore how different groups of countries (represented at the Security Council and within the main TCCs/PCCs/CCCs) manage to address diverging priorities.

Background Paper: Prof. Ian Johnstone, Professor of International Law, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University "The Cooperation Triangle and Civilian Capacity"

Obiakor_AnnualForum2012Chair: Dr David Harland, Director, Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue, Switzerland

Speakers: Mr Amr El-Sherbini, Director of United Nations Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Egypt
Ms Victoria Holt, Deputy Assistant Secretary, Bureau of International Organization Affairs, Department of State, United States
Lt. Gen. (Retd.) Jasbir Singh Lidder, Former Force Commander, United Nations Missions in Sudan (UNMIS), Deputy SRSG of UNMIS
Lt. Gen. Chikadibia Obiakor, Former United Nations Military Adviser, Department for Peacekeeping Operations, United Nations and Senior Adviser, Challenges Forum

Discussant: Prof. Ian Johnstone, Professor of International Law, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University

Johnstone_AnnualForum2012       Lidder_AnnualForum2012   

Chair: Dr Thierry Tardy, Head of Research, Geneva Centre for Security Policy, Switzerland

Working Group I: The Peacekeeping-Peacebuilding Nexus
Co-Facilitators: Mr John Karlsrud, Research Fellow, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs
Mr Gareth Bayley, Deputy Head, Conflict Group, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, United Kingdom

Working Group II: Inter-institutional Cooperation: Cross-Organizational Lessons Learned
Co-Facilitators: Ms Beth Daponte, Evaluation Chief, Office of Internal Oversight Services, United Nations
Maj. Gen. (Retd.) Robert Gordon, Former Force Commander, United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) and Senior Adviser, Challenges Forum

Working Group III: Case Study Afghanistan: What Lessons for United Nations and Regional Organizations in the Protection of Civilians in a High Intensity Environment
Co-Facilitators: HE Mr Gilles Rivard, Deputy Permanent Representative of Canada to the United Nations and Chair of the United Nations Special Committee for Peacekeeping Operations
Ms Annette Leijenaar, Head, Division Conflict Management and Peacebuilding, Institute for Security Studies, South Africa

Working Group IV: Case Study Afghanistan: What Lessons for United Nations and Regional Organizations in the Protection of Civilians in a High Intensity Environment?
Co-Facilitators: Dr Alan Ryan, Executive Director, Australian Civil-Military Centre
Dr Alaa Abdalaziz, Head of Programs Unit, Cairo Regional Center for Training on Conflict Resolution and Peacekeeping in Africa

Working Group V: Command and Control, United Nations and Regional Organizations: Current Issues Structures and Solutions for the Future?
Co-Facilitators: Ms Madalene O’Donnell, Division of Policy, Evaluation and Training, United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations and Department of Field Support
Dr Alexandra Novosseloff, Senior Policy Adviser, Ministry of Defence, FranceOdonell_Novosseloff_AnnualForum2012