ANNUAL FORUM, DECEMBER 2013, BUENOS AIRES
Strengthening UN Peace Operations: Modalities and Opportunities for Regionalized Contributions

The Challenges Annual Forum 2013 was hosted in Argentina on 5-7 December by the Argentinean Ministry of Defense in cooperation with the Armed Forces Joint Staff and CAECOPAZ.

Group photo of the Challenges Annual Forum

The Challenges Forum 2013 addressed the theme of Strengthening UN Peace Operations: Modalities and Opportunities for Regionalized Contributions. Through a series of panel sessions and working groups, the Forum explored how regional capacities can best support and strengthen UN peace operations.

The aim was to determine what conditions and capacities are required for regionalized contributions to effectively support UN peace operations. The objective was also to draw on the experiences of regionalized contributions in relation to thematic issues and identify what best practices can be discerned and of relevance for the broader civil, military and police peace operations community.

The Forum focused on the following four areas:

  • experiences of regionalized contributions
  • enhancing operational readiness of regional contributions
  • defining common concepts and doctrine development requirements.

More than 100 participants from 22 countries took part in the meeting.

Chair: H.E. Dr Roberto De Luise, Under Secretary of International Affairs, Ministry of Defense, Argentina

Speakers:
Ing. Agustin Rossi
, Minister, Ministry of Defense, Argentina Representative, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Argentina

H.E. Ms María del Carmen Squeff, Under-Secretary of Foreign Policy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Argentina

Ms Annika Hilding Norberg, Director, Challenges Forum, Folke Bernadotte Academy

Speakers:

Mr Edmond Mulet, Assistant Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, United Nations (video message: first 1 min 12 sec in spanish)

Mr Carl Alexandre, Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General, MINUSTAH

Focus: What are the experiences, best practices and challenges of regionalized contributions?

Desired Outcomes: Identified opportunities and best practices for enhanced partnerships between the United Nations and regionalized contributors.

Background Paper: Regional contributions to Multifunctional Peacekeeping Operations: Best practices and main challenges: A look from Latin America

Prof. Anabella Busso, Researcher, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Argentina

Chair: Mr Johan Frisell, Director and Deputy Head, Security Policy Department, Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Sweden

Speakers:
Lt. Gen. Edson Leal Pujol
, Force Commander, MINUSTAH
Brig. Gen. Tom Behan
, Former Ireland’s Military Representative to EUMC, Former Commander, UNMIL Joint Irish-Swedish Quick Reaction Force
Maj. Gen. Chao Liu, Force Commander, UNFICYP

First session

Focus:What are the practical measures that can help enhance the operational readiness of regionalized contributions?

Desired Outcomes: Generated recommendations on how to improve operational readiness for regionalized contributions to multi-dimensional peace operations.

Background Paper: Enhancing the Operational Readiness of Regionalised Contributions: Practical options to enhance the operational readiness of regional contributions to multidimensional peace operations

Dr Michael Kelly, Former Minister for Defence Materiel,Australia

Chair:Dr Ralf Horlemann, Head, Division for Crises Prevention; Post-Conflict Peacebuilding; State-Building; Promoting Democracy; Equipment Aid, Federal Foreign Office, Germany

Speakers:
Mission Readiness
Col Carlos Borja
, Special Assistant to the Deputy Military Adviser, Department of Peacekeeping Operations, United Nations

Pooling Capabilities
Mr Xavier Devaulx de Chambord
, Director, Operational Support Team, Mali Support Planning Coordinator, Office of the Assistant Secretary-General, Department of Field Support, United Nations

Joint Pre-deployment Training
Col. Gustavo Javier Perez Zoilo
, Director, CAECOPAZ

Focus: Exploring the areas of convergence and divergence in policies, principles and guidelines, with a specific focus on Protection of Civilians, Gender and Transnational Organized Crime.

Desired Outcomes: Identified current status and gaps of policies, principles and guidelines on Protection of Civilians, Gender and Transnational Organized Crime.

Background Paper: Challenges Forum Working Group on Comparative Policies, Principles and Guidelines, co-chaired by Prof. William Flavin, Assistant Director, Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute, United States, and Brig. Rizwan Rafi, Director, Center for Excellence and Peacekeeping Studies, National Defence University, Pakistan

Third session

Chair: Mr Manuel Lafont- Rapnouil, Head, Political Section of the Department of United Nations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, France

Speakers:
Col. Jody Petery
, Director, Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute, United States
Mr Andrew Carpenter, Chief, Strategic Policy and Development Section, Police Division, Rule of Law and Security Institutions, United Nations
Mr David Haeri, Director, Policy, Evaluation and Training, Department of Peacekeeping Operations / Department of Field Support, United Nations

Session 4-5 : Parallel Working Groups, and Plenary Discussion

Introduction of the Working Group Sessions
   
Chair: Ms Ann Livingstone

Working Group I: Enhancing Operational Readiness
Rapporteur: Mr Alan Ryan, Executive Director, Australian Civil-Military Centre.

Working Group II: Concept and Doctrine Development
Rapporteur: Mr Patrick Cammaert, Consultant, UN Women, United Nations.

Working Group III: Strategic Guidance Framework for International Police Peacekeeping
Rapporteur: Mr Henrik Stiernblad, Deputy Director, Challenges Forum, Folke Bernadotte Academy.

Mr Jean-Marie Guéhenno, Patron, Challenges Forum and Former Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping, United Nations

Concluding remarks

Invitation to Challenges Forum Seminar in Oslo
Ms Marina Caparini
, Senior Research Fellow, Department of Security and Conflict Management, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs
Ms Annika Hilding Norberg
, Director, Challenges Forum, Folke Bernadotte Academy
Lic. Fabián Vidoletti, Director, Cooperation for Peacekeeping, Ministry of Defense, Argentina

The Partners meeting was hosted by CAEOPAZ and the Director Col. Gustavo Javier Perez Zoilo.

Group photo of the Challenges Forum Partnership at the CAEOPAZ