ANNUAL FORUM 2014, BEIJING
Building Capacity for Peace Operations in Response to Diversified Threats: What Lies Ahead?

The Challenges Annual Forum 2014 was hosted by the China Institute for International Strategic Studies and the Ministry of National Defence of China and held in Beijing in October 2014.

Challenges Annual Forum 2014 - Beijing

Meeting an Uncertain Future – How Do We Bridge the Gaps?

Given the evolving nature of conflict, the diversification of threats and the consequent challenges posed by such change on modern missions, the main objective of the Challenges Annual Forum 2014 is to assess how current and future mission environments impact on capacity and capability building for peacekeeping contributors.

The Annual Forum 2014 will be held in the wake of the launch of the UN Secretary-General’s overarching review of UN peacekeeping. The purpose of the event is to contribute to the international dialogue on enhancing the effectiveness of future UN missions and the positive impact in their delivery on the ground in order to create the conditions for a lasting peace.

Click here to learn more about the China Institute for International Strategic Studies' and the Ministry of National Defence of China' work and affiliation to the Challenges Partnership.

Group photo

Opening Session

Chair:

Sen. Col. Zhang Li, Deputy Director General, Peacekeeping Affairs Office, Ministry of National Defense, China

Opening Remarks:

Ms Annika Hilding Norberg, Director, Challenges Forum, Folke Bernadotte Academy, Sweden

Opening Session

H.E. Mr Wang Xuexian, Former Ambassador of China to South Africa

Mr Hervé Ladsous, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, United Nations, Remarks presented by Mr David Haeri, Director, Policy, Evaluation and Training Division, Departments of Peacekeeping Operations and Field Support, United Nations

Maj. Gen. Li Tiantian, Director General, Peacekeeping Affairs Office, Ministry of National Defense, China

Session 1

The presence of non-traditional threats in mission areas have become critical, and in some cases, arguably significantly undermines the work and achievements of peace operations. The non-traditional threats include but are not limited to: transnational organized crime, corruption, terrorism, piracy, asymmetric warfare, cyber insecurity, and environmental degradation. What capabilities and skill-sets are required for peacekeepers to effectively carry out and deliver on their mandates, given the pervasive challenges posed in mission areas by non-traditional threats?

Chair: Dr Caty Clément, Senior Programme Advisor and Senior Fellow, Geneva Centre for SecurityPolicy, Switzerland

Background Paper: Mr Richard Gowan, Associate Director, Center for International Cooperation, New York University, United States

Speakers:

Maj. Gen. (Retd.) Liu Chao, Former Force Commander, UNFICYP, China

Lt. Gen. (Retd.) Chander Prakash Wadhwa, Former Force Commander, MONUSCO, Member, United Service Institution of India

Mr Jean-Yonel Trecile, Inspector General and Director, Cabinet of the Haiti National Police, Haiti

Focus: Threats against peace operations and peacekeeping personnel are not new but have intensified. What accounts for this change? How do we improve the missions and peacekeepers ability to deal with growing security threats? What strategies,capabilities and mechanisms are required? Making missions more robust (or increasing force protection measures) may in some cases generate an adverse effect causing resentment in the local population and undermine the success and legitimacy of the mission in the long-term. Would intelligence-led operations deter such attacks?
How can instruments such as the UN OCC, JOC, and JMAC be improved? How can modern technology enhance the capabilities of peacekeepers to deal with security threats? And, what should troop- and police contributors do to prepare their peacekeepers and theirs tools for the future?

Chair: Dr Ulf Sverdrup, Director General, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, Norway

Background Paper: Mr William R. Phillips, International Consultant Peace Operations, Former Staff Member UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations and Department of Field Support, United States

Speakers:

Lt. Gen. Carlos Santos de Cruz, Force Commander, MONUSCO, United Nations

Ms Kristina Bergendal, Director, Deputy Head, Department of Security Policy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Sweden

Session 3

Focus: What is necessary to overcome the strategic, political and practical challenges to meeting the logistics requirements of modern missions, in particular complex mission undertaken in remote areas? Old problems and new challenges — are we providing and preparing the right capabilities? If not, why not, and what do we do about it? To what extent can intermission cooperation alleviate difficulties and can the concept be expanded beyond the military?

Chair: Brig. Gen. (Retd.) Gerald Aherne, Senior Consultant Transparency International, Former Deputy Force Commander MINURCAT,Ireland

Background Paper: Dr Katharina P. Coleman, Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, University of British Columbia, Canada

Speakers:

Mr David Haeri, Director, Policy, Evaluation and Training Division, Departments for Peacekeeping Operations and Field Support, United Nations

Ms Dina Gilmutdinova, Department of International Organizations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Russian Federation

Maj. Gen. TPS Waraich, Additional Director General, Staff Duties Directorate, Ministry of Defense, India

Session 3

Focus: Given the changing nature of peace operations and the increased complexity of modern missions and environments, what capacity-building partnerships will be required? How can the international community and its members best cooperate to ensure that peacekeepers in the future are identified, prepared and equipped in a way that supports future mission demands and environments?

Chair: Mr Li Jie, Executive Secretary General, China Institute for International Strategic Studies, China

Background Paper: Mr David Lightburn, International Consultant on Peace Operations and Senior Advisor, Folke Bernadotte Academy, Canada

Speakers:

Ms Carman Lapointe, Under-Secretary-General, Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS), United Nations. Remarks presented by Mr Rahul Sur, Chief, Peacekeeping Evaluation Section, Inspection and Evaluation Division, OIOS, United Nations

Ms Victoria Holt, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State, Department of State, United States

Mr David Haeri, Director, Policy, Evaluation and Training Division, Departments for Peacekeeping and Field Support, United Nations

Concluding Session

Chair: Sen. Col. Gao Tong, Deputy Director General, Peacekeeping Affairs Office, Ministry of National Defense, China

Speakers:

Mr David Haeri, Director, Policy, Evaluation and Training Division, Departments for Peacekeeping and Field Support, United Nations

Ms Annika Hilding Norberg, Director, Challenges Forum, Folke Bernadotte Academy, Sweden

Maj. Gen. (Retd.) Huang Baifu, Vice Chairman, China Institute for International Strategic Studies, China