ANNUAL FORUM 2015, YEREVAN
Institution- and Capacity-building for Peace: Implications of the UN Review Panels’ Recommendation for Future Missions

The Challenges Annual Forum 2015 was hosted by the Armenian Institute for National Strategic Studies at the Ministry of Defence and held in Yerevan in 5-6 October 2015.

 

The Forum, themed Institution- and Capacity-Building for Peace: Implications of the UN Review Panels’ Recommendation for Future Missions, addressed the implications of the ongoing international reviews for UN peace operations, including:

  • Uniting our Strengths for Peace - Politics, Partnership and People: Report of the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations;
  • The Future of United Nations Peace Operations: Implementation of the Recommendations of the High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operations;  Report of the Secretary-General;
  • Challenge of Sustaining Peace: Report of the Advisory Group of Experts for the Review of the United Nations Peacebuilding Architecture;
  • Global Study on the Implementation of Security Council Resolution 1325; and 
  • Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Peace.

In addition to these reports, The Leaders’ Peacekeeping Summit, that was held in New York shortly before the Forum (28 September 2015), generated many new pledges for concrete and significant contributions to peace operations, a new factor which brought a new dimensions  to the Challenges Annual Forum 2015 deliberations in Yerevan.

The Forum brought together the international peacekeeping community from across the globe, including policymakers, practitioners and experts from different sectors, and provided a platform for the identification of commonalities, gaps, overlaps and eventual tensions in the findings and recommendations that the above-mentioned Reports make with regards to institution- and capacity-building. The Forum included a series of panel and working group sessions that allowed for in-depth discussions and case evaluation on how to improve and consolidate effective institution- and capacity-building for peace. The overall objective was to produce a set of targeted and realistic recommendations on how to more effectively use institution- and capacity-building as a way to consolidate the peacekeeping and peacebuilding nexus.

A Summary Report from the Annual Forum 2015, as well as an Annual Forum Report, including a number of recommendations on the way forward, is forthcoming and will be made available on this site for download shortly.

Opening Remarks and Welcome

Mr Davit Tonoyan, Dr Edward Nalbandian, Dr Seyran Ohanyan, Mr Edmond Mulet, Maj. Gen. Dr. Hayk S. Kotanjian, H.E. Mr Petko Draganov, Ms Annika Hilding Norberg and Prof. Alexander Nikitin

Chair:

Maj. Gen. Dr Hayk S. Kotanjian, Head, Insitute for National Strategic Studies, Ministry of Defence, Armenia, Member of the CSTO Academic-Expert Council

Speakers:

Dr Edward Nalbandian, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Armenia

Dr Seyran Ohanyan, Minister of Defence, Armenia

Mr Edmond Mulet, Assistant Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, United Nations

H.E. Mr Petko Draganov, Special Representative of the Secretary General and Head of the UN Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia

Ms Annika Hilding Norberg, Director and Founder, Challenges Forum, Folke Bernadotte Academy, Sweden

Prof. Alexander Nikitin, Director, Centre for Euro-Atlantic Security, MGIMO-University; Chief Researcher, Institute for World Economy and International Relations; Member of the CSTO Academic-Expert Council, Russian Federation     

Dr Gagik Hovhannisyan, Mr Alexander Ilitchev,  Mr Amr Aljowaily and Ms Hilde F. Johnson

Dr Gagik Hovhannisyan, Mr Alexander Ilitchev,  Mr Amr Aljowaily and Ms Hilde F. Johnson

Focus:

During the past year, the UN in cooperation with the international community has engaged in a comprehensive effort to review the current state of UN peace operations, the environment in which they are operating as well as the results that they are (and are not) achieving. What lessons can we learn from the UNSG’s Independent High-level Panel on Peace Operations and the Global Study on the implementation of SCR 1325 not only about the main challenges, but also the opportunities of peace operations? What can traditional peacekeeping achieve that robust peacekeeping cannot and vice versa, and what impact does the implementation of SCR 1325 have on the outcomes? What can (and what cannot) the UN do to fulfill its relatively newly acquired responsibility to protect civilians? Is better and clearer mandate formation a means for making UN peace operations more effective? What are the implications of the findings of the High-level Panel on Peace Operations and the Global Study on the Implementation of SCR 1325 on institution- and capacity-building?

Chair:

Mr Alexander Ilitchev, Member, UN Secretary-General’s High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations, Russian Federation

Panelists:

Ms Hilde F. Johnson, Member, UN Secretary-General’s High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations, Norway

Lt. Gen. Abhijit Guha, Member, UN Secretary-General’s High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations, India

Dr Gagik Hovhannisyan, Counsellor, Department of Arms Control and International Security, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Armenia

Dr Alan Ryan, Executive Director, Australian Civil-Military Centre

Speaker:

Ms Anne A. Witkowsky, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defence for Stability and Humanitarian Affairs, Office of the Under Secretary of Defence for Policy, Department of Defence, United States, introduced by Maj. Gen. (Retd) Robert Gordon, Senior Adviser, Challenges Forum, United Kingdom.

Mr Stefan Feller, Ms Sarah Hearn, H.E. Mr Petko Draganov and Dr Alexander Tsinker

Mr Stefan Feller, Ms Sarah Hearn, H.E. Mr Petko Draganov and Dr Alexander Tsinker

Focus:

The peacebuilding architecture has also benefited from a large review effort over the last months. What does the Panel Report reveal about the UN Peacebuilding Commission’s achievements during its ten years of existence? What lessons are there to be learnt from ongoing peacebuilding initiatives, in particular about ensuring national ownership and the implementation of SCR 1325? How can the lessons learnt best be used in connection to the implementation of SDG 16? How can the UN and the international community better engage in strengthening and extending state authority in the face of the fragility of states? What means and methods does it have at its disposal to enhance institution- and capacity-building in divided societies? How can the international community’s need for a common strategy for peacebuilding be reconciled with specific societies’ need for a localized solution, and what role can regional organizations play therein?

Chair: 

Mr Amr Aljowaily, Deputy Assistant Foreign Minister for United Nations Affairs, Egypt

Panelists:

H.E. Mr Petko Draganov, Special Representative of the Secretary General and Head of the UN Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia 

Mr Stefan Feller, Police Adviser, Office of Rule of Law and Security Institutions, Department for Peacekeeping Operations, United Nations  

Ms Sarah Hearn, Associate Director, Senior Fellow, Centre on International Cooperation, New York University, United Kingdom  

Dr Alexander Tsinker, President of the International Expert Center for Electoral Systems, Director of East European States and Commonwealth of Independent States Institute, Israel

Mr Alexander Ilitchev and Mr Amr Aljowaily

Mr Alexander Ilitchev and Mr Amr Aljowaily

Speakers:  

Mr Alexander Ilitchev, Member, UN Secretary-General’s Independent High-Level Panel on Peace Operations, Russian Federation

Mr Amr Aljowaily, Deputy Assistant Foreign Minister for United Nations Affairs, Egypt

Session 3: Institution-building as a Bridge between Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding: Connecting the Security and Peace Nexus

Dr Cedric de Coning, Ms Leanne Smith and Prof. Alexander Nikitin

Focus: 

The Security Council frequently references institution-building in its mandates despite the lack of a common understanding. What falls under institution-building, and what does not? How distinct is institution-building from, and how does it overlap with peacebuilding and the extension and restoration of state authority? What doctrines, policies and guidelines on institution-building for peace are there and what are the gaps? How can stabilization and  the extension and restoration of state authority better be integrated into the formation of peacekeeping mandates as well as mission planning processes? What is the desired early peacebuilding “end state” in terms of safety and security? What are the lessons learned and best practices of institution-building as a connecting link in the security and peace nexus? And what role can specialized international organizations play therein?

Chair: 

Ms Leanne Smith, Chief, Policy and Best Practices, Departments for Peacekeeping Operations and Field Support, United Nations

Panelists:  

Dr Cedric de Coning, Director, Peacekeeping Programme, Norwegian Institute for International Affairs, Norway 

Prof. Alexander Nikitin, Director Centre for Euro-Atlantic Security, MGIMO-University; Chief Researcher, Institute for World Economy and International Relations; Member of the CSTO Scientific-Expert Council, Russian Federation 

Mr Bart Laan, Chief, Development and Reform, Police Component, United Nations Mission in Liberia

 Working Groups Session: Effectively Connecting the Security and Peace Nexus in the Field – Challenges and Opportunities

Dr Cedric de Coning, Dr Jibecke Joensson, Dr Gagik Hovhannisyan and Ms Leanne Smith

Focus:  

Exploring and making recommendations on institution- and capacity-building as a way to bridge peacekeeping and peacebuilding, looking at three specific case studies - South Sudan, Central African Republic and Liberia - in three separate working groups.

Chairs:  

Dr Jibecke Joensson, Head (Acting) of Policy and Best Practices, Challenges Forum, Folke Bernadotte Academy, Sweden

Dr Gagik Hovhannisyan, Counsellor, Department of Arms Control and International Security, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Armenia

Working Group Facilitators:

South Sudan: Dr Cedric de Coning, Director, Peacekeeping Programme, Norwegian Institute for International Affairs, Norway

Central African Republic: Ms Leanne Smith, Chief, Policy and Best Practices, Departments for Peacekeeping Operations and Field Support, United Nation

Liberia: Mr Bart Laan, Chief of Development and Reform, Police Component, United Nations Mission in Liberia

Working Group Sessions Presentations – Analysis and Identification of Possible Recommendations

Dr Gagik Hovhannisyan and Dr Jibecke Joensson

Chairs:  

Dr Jibecke Joensson, Head (Acting) of Policy and Best Practices, Challenges Forum, Folke Bernadotte Academy, Sweden

Dr Gagik Hovhannisyan, Counsellor, Department of Arms Control and International Security, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Armenia

Speakers:

Working Group Rapporteurs

Conclusions and Looking to the Future

Mr Edmond Mulet, Mr Alexander Ilitchev, Mr Davit Tonoyan, Maj. Gen. Dr Hayk S. Kotanjian and Ms Annika Hilding Norberg

Chair: 

Maj. Gen. Dr Hayk S. Kotanjian, Head, Insitute for National Strategic Studies, Ministry of Defence, Armenia, Member of the CSTO Academic-Expert Council

Speakers: 

Mr Alexander Ilitchev, Member, UN Secretary-General’s Independent High-Level Panel on Peace Operations, Russian Federation 

Ms Annika Hilding Norberg, Director and Founder, Challenges Forum, Folke Bernadotte Academy, Sweden 

Mr Davit Tonoyan, First Deputy Minister of Defence, Armenia

Challenges Annual Forum 2015

Maj. Gen. Dr. Hayk S. Kotanjian

Mr David Tonjan, Maj. Gen. Dr Hayk S. Kotanjian, and Mr Edmond Mulet

Dr Gagik Hovhannisyan

Dr Gagik Hovhannisyan

H.E. Mr Petko Draganov

H.E. Mr Petko Draganov and Ms Annika Norberg Hilding

Lt. Gen. Abhijit Guha

Lt. Gen. Abhijit Guha

Dr Alan Ryan

Dr Alan Ryan

Maj. Gen. Dr Hayk S. Kotanjian and Dr Seyran Ohanyan

Maj. Gen. Dr Hayk S. Kotanjian and Dr Seyran Ohanyan

Ms Hilde F. Johnson

Ms Hilde F. Johnson

Mr Stefan Feller

Mr Stefan Feller